For the December quarter 2012, the average weekly ordinary full time earnings of females were $1,230.10 per week, or $261.70 per week less than males who earned a weekly wage of $1,491.80. This difference is reflected in the gender pay gap which is currently 17.5 per cent; the highest it has been in 18 years. Effectively, this means that for every $1 earned by a male in full time work, a female earns 83c. The gap between earnings is much higher in the private sector, where it is currently above 20 per cent, than in the public sector where it is around 13 per cent (Chart 5).
See the update from the Commonwealth Parliamentary Library on current female participation in the Australian workforce for more detail.
From BroCAPThe Brotherhood Library Current Awareness Portal:
…..The evidence that gender equality, particularly in education and employment, contributes to economic growth is far more consistent and robust than the relationship that economic growth contributes to gender equality in terms of health, wellbeing and rights.
From a growth perspective, therefore, the promotion of certain dimensions of gender equality may appear to offer a win-win solution but from a gender equity perspective, there is no guarantee that growth on its own will address critical dimensions of gender equality. Either growth strategies would need to be reformulated to be more inclusive in their impacts or redistributive measures would need to be put in place to ensure that men and women benefit more equally from growth.
SOURCE: Kabeer, N. and Natali, L., “Gender equality and economic growth: Is it win-win?” Institute of Development Studies Working Paper 417, February 2013. Link to document.
Women are more vulnerable than ever with a greater likelihood of experiencing poverty and violence, putting their risk of homelessness at an all time high. Is this the face we want to show to the world on International Women’s Day 2013?
Data released from the 2011 Census shows an increase in the proportion of women who are experiencing homelessness. Between the 2006 and 2011 Census the rate of female homelessness rose at a much greater rate than that of male homelessness. Almost half of the homeless population in Australia are female, with domestic and family violence the most cited reason for seeking help from specialist homelessness services.
‘The workforce is predominantly female, although males have increased their share in residential facilities. In both residential and community sectors, males now comprise 10 per cent of the direct care workforce.’ (p.xv)
‘Job satisfaction is high across all areas except for pay’. (p. xv)
The Aged Care Workforce Census and Survey informs workforce planning on issues surrounding the recruitment and retention, training and education, carer development and employment conditions of the aged care workforce. It provides a comprehensive profile of the aged care workforce which spans almost a decade.
The 2012 report incorporates data from Departmental funded census and surveys conducted in 2003 (residential aged care) and 2007 (residential and community aged care).
The results of the 2012 Census and Survey are outlined in the 2012 National Aged Care Workforce Census and Survey – The Aged Care Workforce, 2012 – Final Report’.
A great new blog by Kate Bahn and Katherine Moos. It is a feminist blog about how economics affects women and girls. It is intended be both educational and entertaining. It’s from the US but contains some great posts. Check it out here Lady Economist.
Each year the UN declares an International Women’s Day theme. In 2013 it is: “A promise is a promise: Time for action to end violence against women”. See the Australian Human Rights website for more.
“The Gender Agenda: Gaining Momentum” is the 2013 theme of the internationalwomensday.com website.